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126单双中特:2019年6月大學英語四級考試模擬試題(含答案)(3)

Source: 074期单双中特    2019-05-20  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

074期单双中特 www.khmax.icu   Part I Writing (30 minutes)
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Online Shopping. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:
  1.現在網上購物已成為一種時尚
  2.網上購物有很多好處,但也有不少問題
  3.我的建議
  Online Shopping
  注意:此部分試題在答題卡1上。

  Part III Reading Comprhension   

選詞填空

The first modern Olympic Games was held in Athens(雅典) in 1896 and only twelve nations participated. Besides the host nation participants were tourists who __1__to be in Greece at the time. Though the whole affair was __2__ and the standard was not high, the old principle of amateur sport was kept up. Since then the games had been held every four years except during the __3__ of the two World War. This was__4__ a departure from the old Olympic spirit when wars had to stop and make way for the games. The games have grown enormously in scale and __5__ performances have now reached uNPRecedented heights. Unfortunately the same cannot be said about their __6__ standard. Instead of Olympia, the modern games are now held in differentcities all over the world. Inevitably politics and commercialismget involved as countries vie each other for(為......而互相競爭) the __7__ to hold the games because of the political prestige and commercial profit to be __8__ out of them. In the 11th games held in Berlin in 1936, Hitler who had newly come to __9__ in Germany tried to use the occasion for his Nazi propaganda. For the first time the Olympic flame was brought all the way from Olympia to the games site in relays, a marathon journey now often taking months to __10__.
  [A]honour
  [B]accomplish
  [C]had
  [D]moral
  [E]arrive
  [F]occured
  [G]end
  [H]power
  [I]happened
  [J]definitely
  [K]Physical
  [L]informal
  [M]interruption
  [N]especially
  [O]irregular
  參考答案:
  1.選I
  2.選L
  3.選M
  4.選J
  5.選K
  6.選D
  7.選A
  8.選C
  9.選H
  10.選B

長篇閱讀

Being Objective on Climate Change


  A.Last week,Craig Rucker,a climate-change skeptic and the executive director of a noNPRofit organization called the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow(CFACT),tweeted a quotation supposedly taken from a 1922 edition of the Washington Post:“Within a few years it is predicted due to ice melt the sea will rise&make most coastal cities uninhabitable.”The intent,of course,was to poke fun at current headlines about climate change.
  B.Rucker’s organization is a member ofthe Cooler Heads Coalition,an umbrella organization operated by the Competitive Enterprise Institute,a noNPRofit that prides itself on its opposition to environmental ists.Rucker himself is part of a network of bloggers,op-cd writers,and policy-shop executives who argue that climate change is either a hoax or all example of left-wing hysteria.Surfacing old newspaper clips is one of their favorite games.They also make substantive arguments about climate policy,but the sniping may be more effective.There is no stronger rhetorical tool than ridicule.
  C.In this case,Ruckcr’s ridicule seems misplaced.After spending a few minutes poking around online,1 was able to find both the Washington Post article and the longer SourCe material that it came from—a weather report issued by the U.S.consul in Bergen,Norway,and sent to the State Department on october 1 0,1 922.The report didn’t say anything about coasts being inundated.This isn’t surprising.Scientists wete smart back then,too,and they knew that melting sea ice wouldn’t appreciably raise sea levels.any more than a melting ice cube raises the level of water in a glass.
  D.Rucker ultimately corrected his tweet once commenters pointed out the misquote.Through T witter,he informed me that he had taken the line from a Washington Times op—ed by Richard Rahn,a senior fellow at the Cato Institute.When I contacted Rahn’s office.a press representative acknowledged that Rahn had copied the quote from other bloggers and columnists;the fabricated sentence appears in articles at reason.corn and texasgopvote.corn.The fabricated line seems to have been inserted around 2011.but the original article has been circulating online since 2007.
  E. The statement about rising sea levels aside,1 922 really was a strange period in the Svalbard archipelago.the area described by the weather report.The islands lie halfway between Norway and the North Pole,at a latitude that puts them several hundred miles farther north than Barrow,alaska.“The Arctic seems to be warming up.”the report read.In August of that year,a geologist near the island of Spitsbergen sailed as far north as eighty-one degrees.twenty.nine minutes in ice-free water.This was highly unusual.The previous several summers had likewise been warrn.Seal populations had moved farther north,and formerly unseen stretches of coast were now accessible.
  F.What are we to take from this historical evidence?A central tenet for Rucker and his colleagues is mat today’s sea.ice retreat。warming surface temperatures,and similar observations are short-lived anomalies of a kind that often happened in the past—and that overzealous scientists and gullible media are quick to drum up crises where none exist.Favorite examples include numerous newspaper articles from the nineteen.seventies that predicted the advent of a new ice age.In fact.it's possible to find articles from nearly every decade of the past century that seem to imply information about the climate that turned out to be premature or wrong.
  G.The 1922 article has been quoted repeatedly by Rucker’s comrades-in-arms since its 2007 rebirth in the Washington Times.For nearly that long,scientists have been objecting.Gavin Schmidt,a climate modeler and the deputy director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies,points out that what was an anomaly in 1922 is now the norm:the waters near Spitsbergen are clear of ice at the end of every summer.More important,long-term temperature and sea-ice records indicate that the dramatic sea-ice retreat in the early nineteen.twenties was short-lived.It also occurred locally around svalbard—the unusual conditions didn’t even encompass the whole Norwegian Sea,let alone the rest of the Arctic.
  H. 0ver the weekend,after retracting his previous tweet,Rucker posted a link to a blog item about a different article.this one a 1932 New York Times story.The eighty-year-old headline reads,“The Next Great Deluge Forecast By Science:Melting Polar Ice Caps to Raise the Level of the Seas and Flood the Continents.”That one sounded juicy,and,indeed,this time the text was correct:that really is what the headline said.Ironically,the lcad researcher cited in the piece was a German scientist named Alfred Wegener,who has sometimes been considered a hero of climate-change deniers for a completely different reason.Wegener is known for proposing the phenomenon of continental drift starting around the First Wbrid War,The idea was ridiculed before gaining acceptance in the nineteen-sixties,once
  ample evidence had been amassed.Wegener’s lifc story,then,is used to support the idea that the small number of researchers in the field who downplay the risk of anthropogenic climate change will one day prevail.
  I.In reality,the potential for anthropogenic global warming was being discussed earlier than continental drift.and took even longer to gain wide acceptance.The versatile Professor Wegener was a geophysicist and polar researcher who spent much of his career studying meteorology in Greenland,and trying to unlock the secrets of the Earth’s past.His elevated place in the current climate-change debate is
  abstracted from history.
  J.In any case,it’s not clear that the bloggers linking to the 1932 article read much beyond the headline.Thc article does discuss a collapse of the ice sheets that would raise sea levels by more than a hundred feet—but it says that event lies thirty to forty thousand years in the future.There’s nothing wrong with examining old newspaper articles for clues about climate conditions in the past.Legitimate climate researchers look at historical documents of all kinds.However,a good-faith effort to arrive at the truth would not rely on cherry-picking catchy headlines.It would require considering the context and looking at all the evidence.At the very least.it wouldn’t allow for deliberate distortions.A prediction that the ice caps might melt by the year 42,000 is hardly all example of climate alarmism.
  46.Unlike melting ice in the glass,the melting sea ice cannot easily raise sea level.
  47.Rucker maintains that the climate.change is just a terrible fantasy of the left-wing or even a totally distrustful matter.
  48.It is fair to search for every piece of evidence to approach the truth without distortion.
  49.As for Rucker,the clear purpose of tweeting this quotation is to laugh at the articles about climate change.
  50.The various unusual phenomena about climate change are merely non-exist alarms claimed by the scientists and media,would be short-lived.
  51.The drastic sea-ice melt occurred around Svalbard was only local and limited.
  52.It is normal for the waters at northern latitude 8 1 degrees,29 minutes to be covered with ice.
  53.It is embraced that the number of climate-change researchers will be multiplied one day.
  54.It is ironic for the leading figure of climate-change opponents to quote this piece.
  55.In reality,the universal information in articles about climate change is eventually proved to be unbelievable.
  46.Unlike melting ice in the glass,the melting sea ice can not easily raise sea level.與杯中的融冰不同,海中的融冰不會使海面快速升高。
  47.Rucker maintains that the climate change is just a terrible fantasy of the left-wing or even a totally distrustful matter.洛克認為氣候變化的論點不過是左派的糟糕的幻想,甚至根本就是一個騙局。
  48.Itisfairto searchfor everypiece ofevidence to approach the truth without distortion.努力尋找證據,真實地靠近真相,這點是不可爭議的
  49.As for Rucker,the clear purpose of tweeting this quotation is to laugh at the articles about climate change.洛克微博這條引語的用意很明顯是在嘲笑有關氣候變化的文章。
  50.The various unusual phenomena about climate change are merely non.exist alarms claimed by the scientists and media,would be short-lived.各種有關氣候變化的非正常現象不過是短暫的,是科學家和媒體所宣稱的,本不存在的危言聳聽。
  51.The drastic sea-ice melt occurred around Sval bard was only local and limited.發生在斯瓦爾巴特群島周圍劇烈的海冰融化現象只是局部的。
  52.It is normal for the waters at northern latitude 81 degrees,29 minutes to be covered with ice.照理說,北緯81度29分的水域應該是結冰的。
  53.It is embraced that the number of climate-change researchers will be multiplied one day.終有一天,對氣候變化研究的人員數量會不斷增加。
  54.It is ironic for the leading figure ofclimate-change opponents to quote this piece.作為氣候變化反對者的英雄人物,引用這篇文章是很諷刺的。
  55.In reality.the universal information in articles about climate change is eventually proved to be unbelievable.事實上,大量關于氣候變化的信息最后都被證實是不可信的。


仔細閱讀
  New technology links the world as never before. Our planet has shrunk. It’s now a “global village” where countries are only seconds away by fax or phone or satellite link. And, of course, our ability to benefit from this high-tech communications equipment is greatly enhanced by foreign language skills.
  Deeply involved with this new technology is a breed of modern business people who have a growing respect for the economic value of doing business abroad. In modern markets, success overseas often helps support domestic business efforts.
  Overseas assignments are becoming increasingly important to advancement within executive ranks. The executive stationed in another country no longer need fear being “out of sight and out of mind.” He or she canbe sure that the overseas effort is central to the company’s plan for success, and that promotions often follow or accompany an assignment abroad. If an employee can succeed in a difficult assignment overseas, superiors will have greater confidence in his or her ability to cope back in the United States where cross-cultural considerations and foreign language issues are becoming more and more prevalent (普遍的).
  Thanks to a variety of relatively inexpensive communications devices with business applications, even small businesses in the United States are able to get into international markets.
  English is still the international language of business. But there is an ever-growing need for people who can speak another language. A second language isn’t generally required to get a job in business, but having language skills gives a candidate the edge when other qualifications appear to be equal.
  The employee posted abroad who speaks the country’s principal language has an opportunity to fast-forwardcertain negotiations, and cam have the cultural insight to know when it is better to move more slowly. Theemployee at the home office who can communicate well with foreign clients over the telephone or by fax machine is an obvious asset to the firm.
  練習題:
  Choose correct answers to the question:
  1. What is the author’s attitude toward high-tech communications equipment?
  A. Critical.
  B. Prejudiced.
  C. Indifferent.
  D. Positive.
  2. With the increased use of high-tech communications equipment, businesspeople ________.
  A. have to get familiar with modern technology
  B. are gaining more economic benefits from domestic operations
  C. are attaching more importance to their overseas business
  D. are eager to work overseas
  3. In this passage,“out of sight and out of mind” (Lines 2-3, Para. 3) probably means ________.
  A. being unable to think properly for lack of insight
  B. being totally out of touch with business at home
  C. missing opportunities for promotion when abroad
  D. leaving all care and worry behind
  4. According to the passage, what is an important consideration of international corporationsin employingpeople today?
  A. Connections with businesses overseas.
  B. Ability to speak the client’s language.
  C. Technical know-how.
  D. Business experience.
  5. The advantage of employees having foreign language skills is that they can ________.
  A. better control the whole negotiation process
  B. easily find new approaches to meet market needs
  C. fast-forward their proposals to headquarters
  D. easily make friends with businesspeople abroad
  1.[D] 事實辨認題。題目詢問的是作者對于髙科技通訊設備的態度是什么。根據文章的第1段特別是最后一句中的benefit,可推斷作者是持肯定態度的,即答案為D。
  2.[C] 事實辨認題。根據第2段第1句中的who have a growing respect... abroad可看出,隨著髙科技通訊設備的廣泛使用,商人們越來越重視海外商務的經濟價值,C與之一致。"
  3.[C] 語義推斷題。根據第3段第2、3句中說的“他確信國外的事務對公司的成功計劃至關重要,派往國外時或之 后常能得到升遷。”可知,在海外的管理人員不再會擔心被遺忘而錯過升職機會,因此“眼不見,心不念”即為C“在國外時錯過國內升職機會”。
  4.[B] 事實辨認題。題目詢問的是根據短文,當今在雇傭雇員時,國際化的公司應該著重考慮什么。這是第5段的話題,其中核心詞是language,只有B“會說顧客的語言”符合。
  5.[A] 事實辨認題。題目詢問的是具有外語能力的雇員的優勢究竟是什么。根據最后一段第1句可知,“派往國外的雇員若能講該國的主要語言,就有機會加快談判進程,而且能知道什么時候最好放慢節拍。” A“具有外語 能力的雇員的優勢就是他們可以)更好地控制整個談判的過程”與之一致,故為答案。

  New technology links the world as never before. Our planet has shrunk. It’s now a “global village” where countries are only seconds away by fax or phone or satellite link. And, of course, our ability to benefit from this high-tech communications equipment is greatly enhanced by foreign language skills.
  Deeply involved with this new technology is a breed of modern business people who have a growing respect for the economic value of doing business abroad. In modern markets, success overseas often helps support domestic business efforts.
  Overseas assignments are becoming increasingly important to advancement within executive ranks. The executive stationed in another country no longer need fear being “out of sight and out of mind.” He or she canbe sure that the overseas effort is central to the company’s plan for success, and that promotions often follow or accompany an assignment abroad. If an employee can succeed in a difficult assignment overseas, superiors will have greater confidence in his or her ability to cope back in the United States where cross-cultural considerations and foreign language issues are becoming more and more prevalent (普遍的).
  Thanks to a variety of relatively inexpensive communications devices with business applications, even small businesses in the United States are able to get into international markets.
  English is still the international language of business. But there is an ever-growing need for people who can speak another language. A second language isn’t generally required to get a job in business, but having language skills gives a candidate the edge when other qualifications appear to be equal.
  The employee posted abroad who speaks the country’s principal language has an opportunity to fast-forwardcertain negotiations, and cam have the cultural insight to know when it is better to move more slowly. Theemployee at the home office who can communicate well with foreign clients over the telephone or by fax machine is an obvious asset to the firm.
  練習題:
  Choose correct answers to the question:
  1. What is the author’s attitude toward high-tech communications equipment?
  A. Critical.
  B. Prejudiced.
  C. Indifferent.
  D. Positive.
  2. With the increased use of high-tech communications equipment, businesspeople ________.
  A. have to get familiar with modern technology
  B. are gaining more economic benefits from domestic operations
  C. are attaching more importance to their overseas business
  D. are eager to work overseas
  3. In this passage,“out of sight and out of mind” (Lines 2-3, Para. 3) probably means ________.
  A. being unable to think properly for lack of insight
  B. being totally out of touch with business at home
  C. missing opportunities for promotion when abroad
  D. leaving all care and worry behind
  4. According to the passage, what is an important consideration of international corporationsin employingpeople today?
  A. Connections with businesses overseas.
  B. Ability to speak the client’s language.
  C. Technical know-how.
  D. Business experience.
  5. The advantage of employees having foreign language skills is that they can ________.
  A. better control the whole negotiation process
  B. easily find new approaches to meet market needs
  C. fast-forward their proposals to headquarters
  D. easily make friends with businesspeople abroad
  1.[D] 事實辨認題。題目詢問的是作者對于髙科技通訊設備的態度是什么。根據文章的第1段特別是最后一句中的benefit,可推斷作者是持肯定態度的,即答案為D。
  2.[C] 事實辨認題。根據第2段第1句中的who have a growing respect... abroad可看出,隨著髙科技通訊設備的廣泛使用,商人們越來越重視海外商務的經濟價值,C與之一致。"
  3.[C] 語義推斷題。根據第3段第2、3句中說的“他確信國外的事務對公司的成功計劃至關重要,派往國外時或之 后常能得到升遷。”可知,在海外的管理人員不再會擔心被遺忘而錯過升職機會,因此“眼不見,心不念”即為C“在國外時錯過國內升職機會”。
  4.[B] 事實辨認題。題目詢問的是根據短文,當今在雇傭雇員時,國際化的公司應該著重考慮什么。這是第5段的話題,其中核心詞是language,只有B“會說顧客的語言”符合。
  5.[A] 事實辨認題。題目詢問的是具有外語能力的雇員的優勢究竟是什么。根據最后一段第1句可知,“派往國外的雇員若能講該國的主要語言,就有機會加快談判進程,而且能知道什么時候最好放慢節拍。” A“具有外語 能力的雇員的優勢就是他們可以)更好地控制整個談判的過程”與之一致,故為答案。


Part IV Translation
 請將下面這段話翻譯成英文:
  京劇臉譜
  京劇臉譜(Peking Opera facial makeup )是具有民族特色的一種特殊的化妝方法。由于每個歷史人物或某一種類型的人物都有一種大概的類型,就像唱歌、 奏樂都要按照樂譜(music score ) 一樣,所以稱為“臉譜”。關于臉譜的來源, 一般認為臉譜來自假面具。京劇臉譜是廣大戲曲愛好者非常喜愛的一門藝術, 國內外都很流行,被大家公認為是中國傳統文化的標志之一。
  參考翻譯:
  Peking Opera Facial Makeup
  Peking Opera facial makeup is a kind of specialmakeup method with national characteristic. Sinceevery historical figure or a certain type of personhas an approximate style, like singing, playing musicaccording to the music score, it's called “facial makeup”. As to the facial makeup's origin, it isgenerally considered that it's from mask. As one of the favorite arts of the traditional operalovers at home and abroad, Peking Opera facial makeup has been regarded as one of thesymbols of Chinese traditional culture.
  1.具有民族特色的一種特殊的化妝方法:翻譯時,若中心詞前面有很多修飾語,要確定修飾語的先后順序,同時也可以修改定語的位置。“具有民族特色的”就可以改為后置定語,譯為with national characteristic。
  2.大概的類型:“大概的”可譯為approximate,注意該詞的拼寫;“類型” 譯為type或者style都可以。
  3.戲曲愛好者:可譯為traditional opera lovers。從短文表達語義來看,這個戲曲愛好者也可以專門指京劇戲曲愛好者,故可譯為Peking Opera lovers。
  4.國內外:可譯為home and abroad。同時因其所處句子較長,“都很流行” 和前面的“非常喜愛”可進行合并,使譯文看起來更簡潔。
  5.標志:可譯為symbol、mark或者logo,即表達一種“象征,代表”的意義都可以。


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